An individual can apply for a permanent residency visa after having held a resident visa for 2 years or more without any interruption. It is also imperative to have also met any conditions imposed on the resident visa which can include a sponsorship period of up to 5 years. To be eligible for a permanent residency visa (PRV), the principal applicant in the original residence application must:
· hold a resident visa, or have held one in the last three months
· hold, or have held, that resident visa for at least two years continuously
· meet relevant character requirements.
· Free and Subsidized Education.
· Right of setting up a business.
· Right to buy/ sell/ own property.
· Access to Medical Insurance.
· Access to Social Security Benefits.
· Right to apply for Citizenship.
· Right to sponsor people.
· Spouse is entitled to full time working rights.
· No restriction on movement in and out of the country.
· Better economic prospects.
· Children born in the country are citizens by birth.
Even though having almost the same rights as citizens, as everything else, there are always a few exceptions to the rule. Permanent residents fall short of the following in comparison to the citizens of that particular country:
· They may not vote
· They may not stand for public office
· They may not apply for public sector employment
· They may not apply for employment involving national security
· They may not own certain classes of real estate
· They are not issued the passport of that country
· They do not have access the country's consular protection
Ones who are granted permanent residency in a country are generally issued some sort of documentary evidence as legal proof of their status. While few countries would issue a photo ID card, others may place a visa sticker or certificate of residence in the person's passport, or some may issue a letter to confirm their permanent resident status. It certainly makes an individual’s personal as well as work life much smoother when residing in a foreign land.